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Problems of poultry farming, and how to tackle them

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Problems of poultry farming

Even with superb qualitative achievements and quantities in different areas of poultry farming sectors, the farming environment faces problems ranging from one area to another, and, the problems vary from location to location.

The modern poultry industry is aiming at low cost for high production, and improved quality. In addition to the growing demand for poultry meat, this requires continuous, efficient, and goal-oriented healthcare in order to prevent disease growth.

Whether you’re going to enter this lucrative company or you’re been into it before, you don’t have to be worried because every problem has its solution.

Any difficulty that you might find in your poultry farming business, will be analyzed in this article, and solutions will be preferred. The common problem faced by poultry farming involves one of these:

Financial difficulty as a problem in poultry farming

It is the most critical problem that affects more than 80 percent of farmers worldwide. Money contributes to your farm’s growth in one region or the next. Mind you, the amount of capital will decide your farm’s level, and how the equipment will be produced for your farm.

Capital access would help your farm grow faster than those without access to any financial support. And it is a known fact that some farmers usually want to get loans from a micro-finance banks, and the interest charge on the small amount they can afford is a lot, so they had to withdraw from such a program.

It doesn’t take much money to start a poultry farm company, though, but that’s when you can access this at the right moment.

Lack of information is one of the problems in poultry farm

This is a bad problem as the first level entrepreneur in poultry farming. If you want to be successful in any business or anything at all in life, you need the correct information about the field you are going into.

Some people only jump into the method of poultry farming without the right information, while others get information from the wrong source.

Therefore, having the right details in all areas of your farm will benefit you and you’ll get the incentive on time.

Diseases and parasites are problems too

Diseases and parasites may cause loss in the production of eggs. Some bird breeds resist certain diseases which make them superior to those easily infected by many diseases.

Moreover, if you want to maximize the production of your laying birds, do everything you can to prevent them from any kind of disease. Moreover, you would never want to breed an ill chicken they could pass on the diseases to future generations and you would have a constant fight in your hands.

In case of any disease outbreak, treat them immediately so that they do not deter their production rate.

The right feed is essential for the growth of your birds

The food-related issue is another problem that we need to consider, as this determines the growth of the birds. Feeding is more than just feeding the birds, if you want them to do well they need healthy diets.

Some producers mix complete feeds with cheaper scratch grains, but doing so will dilute the levels of nutrients the chickens receive, and there may be prone to nutrient deficiencies.

Nutrient deficiencies may have an adverse effect on pullet growth and hens production rates. Therefore, the level of feed a bird will eat depends on the sizes, age, and rate of production of eggs, including the energy level of feed and the temperature of the laying house.

The amount of feed that is consumed also depends on the birds breed. For instance, a Leghorn chicken eats about 1/4 pound of feed each day, while the brown-egg layers are slightly larger and need more food so they need more feed.

Water is also one of the problems in poultry farming

This problem should not be underestimated, the quality of the available water is very critical, the water acidity has to be tested and balanced before we offer to the birds.

Acidic water will have a negative impact on bird life as this will affect birds in many ways.

Drugs is also important in poultry farming

Drugs are a major challenge to poultry farmers, not all needed drugs are available on the market, and sometimes those available are fake.

When some are used for prolonged periods, the birds develop resistance to their effect, which makes it less effective.

The drugs available are not as effective as the former one, so that causes the farmers a lot of trouble. Apart from this, you should consult veterinary doctors to properly prescribe medicines that we need to administer.

Poultry farming management related problem

This refers to the general hygiene of the whole farming system if you apply the above-mentioned solution and the birds are still not cared for properly.

You’ll end up wasting a huge amount of money that won’t materialize. 100 percent hygiene is best for the success of your chicken farming business.

So, clean their houses, wash their drinkers, and feeders properly. Remove from grounds the grasses to deter predators who may try to harm them.

Where to buy Chickens in Akwa Ibom State

Since chicken is the only meat that has no negative health conditions, you can always use it to prepare any local and continental dishes of your choice. In Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria, you can buy chickens from sofreshchikens.com at the following locations;

  • Uyo, The Akwa Ibom State capital:

    Number 215 Udo Umana Street opposite Akpan Andem Market, Uyo

  • Oron, Akwa Ibom State:

    Number 27 Market Square by Aba Street, Oron, Akwa Ibom State

  • Eket, Akwa Ibom State:

3 park road, opposite Chinese market, Eket.

 

The benefit of starting a poultry farm

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Why is ventilation an important factor in the chicken coop?

You cannot just set up a poultry farm without having the income from the farm product produced in mind.  Some people are planning to invest in poultry farms, but something is diverting their attention, and interest to something else.

This is nothing more than what they will achieve as a profit when they invest little or huge money in the poultry business. So, they see it as a waste of time, effort, and even money, but that’s not the way it is.

Poultry farm business is a lucrative job worth investing in, you won’t regret investing in it. Understand that when you finish reading this wonderful and powerfully prepared article, you will be encouraged to start your poultry soon.

This is because this writing up will cover almost every profit of poultry that you will derive from developing a poultry farm in Nigeria or anywhere in the world.

 

Poultry farming provides a means of generating income

There is no doubt that poultry farming is a source of income generation. No matter the amount of money spent on setting up a poultry farm, you’ll surely make a profit from your investment.

Poultry farming as a source of employment

This point is a wonderful point to remember, because whether you have work or not, you will have your own company with just a small amount of money.

And there is nothing better than being the boss of your company. This will keep you busy and you will be obliged to handle it well.

However, if you have a job, a poultry farm will bring more value to your life, and you may even quit the job you’re doing when your investment in the farm yields lots of returns for you.

Poultry farming requires low startup capital

Starting poultry farm doesn’t require huge money, with a very small amount of money, you’ll be wondering how to start the poultry sector, but be rest assured that you can. You may not be venturing into the broiler part of the business, but you can go for cockerels instead.

Poultry farming gives a rapid return on investment

This point is self-explanatory, whatever you invest in setting up a poultry company, and compared to other investments you will start getting your ROI in a very short time.

Imagine starting a business, and starting to profit from it in less than three months this is a proof that venturing into it promises to be an amazing business.

Poultry farming is a permanent source of income

The poultry farming company continually produces profits on a regular, weekly, or monthly basis.

How? For example, if you invest your money on layers once they start laying, you can make money from the sale of eggs on a daily basis you may also make money on a weekly or monthly basis depending on how you choose to sell your eggs.

Apart from that, poultry benefits start as soon as you start selling your cockerels or broilers you’ll make money from their sales so no single day you won’t make money from your farm company.

Poultry farming only requires little water

Just like many other farms, the operation of the poultry farm company needs little water. The water is needed in the drinker and in washing the farm equipment.

With 25 liters of water, it is enough for about 50 birds, this is incomparable with the level of water required in fish farms, or the amount of water required for daily feeding of cows or goats.

The chicken droppings are a source of fertilizer

Do you not know you can still make money from the dropping of the birds on your farm? Indeed you can.

How? Vegetable farmers need this product to boost their products which you call waste, and you will agree that this type of fertilizer or manure is much better than inorganic fertilizer.

You can also take advantage of this in your own vegetable farm, thus saving some money from it.

Poultry eggs and meats are of high nutritional value

Finally, poultry products offer protein, and we consume them almost on a daily basis. Broiler meat has the least fat content of all edible meat. It can also be cooked in its own fat, and requires no other means of generating fat.

Poultry meat contains more protein and essential amino acids compared to other meats, and is also low in cholesterol relative to other meats.

Where to buy Chickens in Akwa Ibom State

Since chicken is the only meat that has no negative health conditions, you can always use it to prepare any local and continental dishes of your choice. In Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria, you can buy chickens from sofreshchikens.com at the following locations;

  • Uyo, The Akwa Ibom State capital:

    Number 215 Udo Umana Street opposite Akpan Andem Market, Uyo

  • Oron, Akwa Ibom State:

    Number 27 Market Square by Aba Street, Oron, Akwa Ibom State

  • Eket, Akwa Ibom State:

3 park road, opposite Chinese market, Eket.

 

How certain factors change egg-laying

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How certain factors change egg-laying

Egg-laying in healthy, young hens is a natural part of chicken reproduction. There are several factors that may influence the development of chicken eggs such as diet, daylight, and illnesses.

Poultry farmers need to be aware of possible problems that may occur in preventing your flock and eventually your egg business from losses in growth.

Why light affects egg-laying

Some hens lay more eggs in the spring and summer and taper development in natural light conditions during the fall and winter. Hens require long days in which to lay eggs. During winter you should give your hens a break.

We do not recommend adding light to the coop to extend the production of eggs and the laying time. If you want to install a light, you can have a light bulb on a timer and start in the early hours of the morning while it is still dark.

Why Egg Laying Changes with Age in chickens

Most hens are already laid past five years. If your hens have stopped laying and are only a couple of years old, it is more likely to be either a molt or a season than their age.

Chickens raising isn’t about laying eggs altogether. Know how to keep your older chickens from being creaky and cranky?

How Calcium Additives  affects egg-laying

The chicken eggs contain a lot of calcium. Chickens with a nutritional deficiency cannot lay adequately or just as well and you can see a shell consistency difference. If you find eggs with thinner eggshells, it could be because calcium stocks in your hens have dropped.

Leaches of calcium from their bones and other body reserves are now depleted. You need to help supplement your diet with free-choice crushed shells of oysters or some other type of calcium.

How diseases affects egg-laying

Chickens’ disease can be a devastating factor not only for the production of eggs but also for the health of the entire flock. Fowlpox, coccidiosis, and infectious bronchitis are some common diseases found in egg-layers.

Fowlpox is a viral infection that causes chickens to diminish body growth and egg production. It causes skin sores and scabs and can be transmitted by either mosquitoes or infected chickens.

Where to buy Chickens in Akwa Ibom State

Since chicken is the only meat that has no negative health conditions, you can always use it to prepare any local and continental dishes of your choice. In Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria, you can buy chickens from sofreshchikens.com at the following locations;

  • Uyo, The Akwa Ibom State capital:

    Number 215 Udo Umana Street opposite Akpan Andem Market, Uyo

  • Oron, Akwa Ibom State:

    Number 27 Market Square by Aba Street, Oron, Akwa Ibom State

  • Eket, Akwa Ibom State:

3 park road, opposite Chinese market, Eket.

 

 

A simple guide on how chickens lay eggs

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Simple guide on how chickens lay eggs

This article will be focused on how chickens lay eggs, and it will be rightly explained for your consumption, and expansion of knowledge. It takes 24-26 hours for each egg to develop which is broken down into four main parts below.

  • The releases of Yolk which takes 15 minutes

The thousands of potential eggs are located within each hen’s developing ovary. Each of these possible eggs is an ovum or ova if you want to refer to them all at once.

At any rate, when your hen reaches the laying age that can be approximately five months in some breeds, longer in others, some of the ova inside a hen’s ovary begin to grow into what we know as an egg yolk.

Each ovum or yolk is within its own follicle. At any rate, when your hen reaches the laying age that in some breeds can be about five months, in others, some of the ova within the ovary of a hen begins to grow into what we know as an egg yolk.

  • The White Forms which is about four hours or more

The yolk exits the ovary and joins the oviduct through the infundibulum, or oviduct entry. This is where if you had a rooster, the egg would be fertilized.

You know the small whitish spot you see on every yolk of the eggs? This is a single female cell named a blastodisk.

If your rooster sperm fertilizes it, then cell division and embryo development begins and transforms the blastodisk into what we call a blastoderm.

However, whether or not it is fertilized, the yolk, now known as a blastodisk or blastoderm flows down the magnum and isthmus parts of the oviduct.

This is where most of the albumen called the egg white forms around the yolk, and a thin outer shell membrane holds everything together loosely.

Chalazae anchor the yolk in the middle of the shell, approximately. The egg looks more like an egg at this point, but we still miss out on the outer shell.

  • The Eggshell about 21 + hours

The process of egg formation continues as the egg gains its shell through a shell gland at the uterus. The shell takes about 20 hours to form and maybe another hour to apply the color, or pigment, to the outer eggshell.

Whether blue, white, brown, or green, this is where the eggshell gets its color. The outermost layer of the eggshell is eventually known as the bloom or cuticle. The outermost layer forms an anti-microbial defensive layer on the body.

  • The Nest Box

Your hens lay eggs, through their vent or what we call the cloacas. Although eggs exit through the same vent that a chicken excretes for all, the uterus tissue stretches with the egg until the egg is fully out of the vent. This little trick together with the layer of the bloom added to the shell holds the egg clean.

When a hen lays down for about half an hour, the cycle starts all over again. You don’t need one nest box per hen, but you should have at least one nest box per four hens for each.

Where to buy Chickens in Akwa Ibom State

Since chicken is the only meat that has no negative health conditions, you can always use it to prepare any local and continental dishes of your choice. In Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria, you can buy chickens from sofreshchikens.com at the following locations;

  • Uyo, The Akwa Ibom State capital:

    Number 215 Udo Umana Street opposite Akpan Andem Market, Uyo

  • Oron, Akwa Ibom State:

    Number 27 Market Square by Aba Street, Oron, Akwa Ibom State

  • Eket, Akwa Ibom State:

3 park road, opposite Chinese market, Eket.

 

Nigerian chicken sauce and how to prepare it

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Nigerian chicken sauce and how to prepare it

Nigerian chicken sauce, is recognized as one of the country’s cultural trademarks. Surprisingly, for making it, you don’t have to be a chef or buy any costly ingredients. The ingredients are a few basic ones, which can be found in any local mall or market place, including your pantry. Even this package of food can be found in any refrigerator.

Ingredients for preparing Nigerian Chicken sauce

  • 4 pieces of Carrot
  • 3 pieces of Blended Irish potato
  • 1 tin of Mushroom
  • 2 pieces of big sized Green pepper
  • 1 cup of Green pepper
  • 3 cups of Green beans after cutting, measure out
  • 4 pieces of seasoning cubes
  • 1 sachet of Curry powder
  • 2 to 3 teaspoons of Salt
  • 2 medium sizes of Onion
  • 4 pieces of Red pepper

How to prepare Nigerian chicken sauce

  • Clean, grind, mix, and set aside your Irish potato. Cut your carrots into the size you want, and set aside.
  • Cut the green beans thinly. Wash the green pepper thoroughly, cut, and set aside. Clean and cut your red pepper properly, then set aside. Wash, and cut the onion and set aside too.
  • Have your seasoning cubes ready and also set them aside to weigh a perfect amount of curry and salt.
  • Put out the heated bowl (pot), wash your chicken and pour it into the pot. Add some water, stir in your bowl, curry, and add salt to taste.
  • Cook for about 20 to 30 minutes or more. If required, add more water and mix a little and add your blended Irish potato until it is a perfect thickness.
  • Add the carrot, onion, green pepper, red pepper, mix a little and cook for several seconds depending on your choice.
  • Add your chestnuts, and green beans from here. Add salt to taste, cook a little, and your vegetable sauce for chicken is ready.
  • Bring it down, and make your white rice so that you can eat with the sauce.

Where to buy Chickens in Akwa Ibom State

Since chicken is the only meat that has no negative health conditions, you can always use it to prepare any local and continental dishes of your choice. In Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria, you can buy chickens from sofreshchikens.com at the following locations;

  • Uyo, The Akwa Ibom State capital:

    Number 215 Udo Umana Street opposite Akpan Andem Market, Uyo

  • Oron, Akwa Ibom State:

    Number 27 Market Square by Aba Street, Oron, Akwa Ibom State

  • Eket, Akwa Ibom State:

3 park road, opposite Chinese market, Eket.

 

How to control rodents in the chicken coops

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How to control rodents in the chicken coops

Chicken coops are commonly associated with moderate to extreme infestations of rodents.

Rodents like rats and house mice are not just chickens and egg predators, they can bear and spread many diseases to both chickens and humans.

For rodents, as well as most pests in and around the home and garden, it is advisable to use proactive rather than reactive management practices to address potential issues or problems.

 

  • Sanitation

Rodents are drawn to food and water supplies found at various chicken coops. Limiting those attractive items can keep them far away as possible, these include;

  • Removing food from the chicken by night, and using a mobile feeder to store the chicken in a location which is inaccessible to rodents.
  • Use a container with rodent-proof which could be made of metal or plastic heavy duty for preventing entry.
  • Keep the chicken broth as healthy as possible. Delete any grain spilled on a nightly basis capable of attracting rodents or other pests.
  • Do not leave overnight eggs in the coop. Eggs are a great food for rodents.

 

  • Exclusion

Exclusion can be an extremely long-lasting and effective way of battling rats and mice. Mice can squeeze through very small holes, so it’s necessary to fix any gap that mice might possibly get through to the chicken enclosure.

This is difficult for rodents to gnaw rigid objects on flat surfaces.

  • Make sure your chicken coop surfaces are well made from hard materials like concrete, galvanized sheet, stone, or hardware cloth.
  • Keep all doors and hatches closed to chicken coops to avoid easy access to rodents and ensure doors are sealed properly.
  • To close openings do not use materials such as plastic sheathing, wood, rubber, or green cement. Such gnawable materials can’t work well, and can be used as rodent entry points. Filling stainless steel wool into holes is a temporary repair.

 

  • Trapping

The trapping is a very powerful rodent control tool. Be mindful, however, that traps do have the ability to harm curious birds.

  • Place traps under milk crates or other places where chickens have no access to them. When chickens are inside the coop, you can set traps at night too.
  • Multiple-capture live traps catch several mice at a time without having to be reset, but then kill live mice and euthanize them humanely.
  • Rats are particularly neophobic afraid of new things, so bait traps with a locally-available food source such as chicken feed can increase your trapping success.

 

  • Rodenticide

  • Rodenticide can only be used in safe, manipulator-resistant bait stations, which are sold at several retail nurseries and garden centers.
  • It is not recommended that rodenticide be put in a bait station, where chickens can reach them.
  • Chickens may eat rodent carcasses while uncommon, and have even been known to catch live mice.
  • Restricting their exposure to rodents that may have ingested an anticoagulant rodenticide is also necessary since the standard chicken wire is wide enough to suit the rodents.
  • In chicken coops, house mice may be pests. Because of its venomous bite, the black widow spider is recognized and feared by many people.

Where to buy Chickens in Akwa Ibom State

Since chicken is the only meat that has no negative health conditions, you can always use it to prepare any local and continental dishes of your choice. In Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria, you can buy chickens from sofreshchikens.com at the following locations;

  • Uyo, The Akwa Ibom State capital:

    Number 215 Udo Umana Street opposite Akpan Andem Market, Uyo

  • Oron, Akwa Ibom State:

    Number 27 Market Square by Aba Street, Oron, Akwa Ibom State

  • Eket, Akwa Ibom State:

3 park road, opposite Chinese market, Eket.

 

A closer look into rural chicken farming

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What does it really take to start raising backyard chickens?

 

It might be surprising for you to know that more people are directly interested in rural chicken farming/production worldwide than in any other single agricultural enterprise. In short, maintaining, and improving the productivity of chicken flocks at the backyard is important for rural family well-being.

 

Why are people interested in rural chicken farming?

Chickens are appreciated by backyard producers for their adaptability, contributions to family income, and nutrition, and for insect control and garden fertilizer. Chickens scavenge plant or food residues and insects around the home in the majority of family flocks.

 

Also, people can hatch and raise chicks with minimal care, produce high-value meat, and offer eggs that meet a strategic nutritional need. Live chickens sold for meat carry good prices and are a primary source of income for households.

 

Is there any profit in rural chicken farming?

The efficiency of backyard animal production lies in the fact that with few purchased inputs it uses excess family labor and surplus on-farm feed, so income from chicken’s sales is virtually all profit.

 

What are the challenges that are likely to be faced by rural chicken farmers?

  • High-input, large-scale poultry systems are obviously not appropriate for family flocks, and even transitional systems of 200-300 birds that use large-scale technologies, such as hatchery breeds, controlled feeds, artificial lighting, etc. are rarely effective for small farms.

 

  • Therefore, families find it incredibly difficult to sustain flock numbers and replace birds that get lost or sold if they are unable to produce chicks on their farm.

 

  • Buying replacement chicks from a hatchery is expensive and can be disastrous for household chicken production. Hatchery birds may require artificial incubation, disease control measures, or special feeds not available on the small farm.

 

  • All of these effects are bad for the farm family, but the loss of broodiness of the hens is especially a serious one.

 

Do rural chicken farmers find the incubator hatching method a good substitute for natural methods?

When hatchery roosters cross with conventional hens, flocks will lose their hatching ability in just one generation and raise chicks.

This can make the farmer quickly dependent on buying incubated hatchery stock, which may not perform well under conditions in the backyard. People who substitute them for criollo birds in areas with intermittent electricity may have little success with incubator hatching methods.

 

What happens to the farmers who encounter these problems?

Farmers who have encountered this problem learn quickly, especially when it has to do with raising mixed species of chickens.

Broodiness is a key link in the framework for the production of small scale poultry or rural chicken farming, since the producer sells hens, not eggs.

For example, if a farmer raises criollo birds in a backyard farm, only one-third of a flock usually lay each day; one third laid the day before, and the other third is setting or caring for chicks.

 

How do rural farmers deal with broodiness?

Well, most farmers make it their policy to avoid dealing with hatchery birds, this is because even common breeds like Rhode Island Reds have lost much of their ability to successfully hatch eggs too.

 

Elements viable for an effective rural chicken farming

  • Farmers should use small-scale production systems with low purchased inputs and minimized risk.
  • Farmers should choose a suitable breeding stock that can incubate and brood replacement chicks through natural reproduction.
  • Farmers should also apply the basic pest and disease control methods outlined below.

 

Why is the management of diseases important in rural chicken farming?

  • Simple, cheap management of disease dramatically increases a family flock’s survival and productivity.
  • Traditional chickens vaccinated and treated for common infections and parasites are usually sufficiently hardy to thrive under conditions in the backyard.

 

Preventive practices for elimination of health issues in rural chickens

  • Vaccination in the eye for the Newcastle disease virus, which is highly infectious and can kill the whole flock,
  • Deworming for roundworms and tapeworms
  • Dusting under wings for irritating external parasites such as lice in chickens
  • Treatment for chronic respiratory disease which lowers production.

 

Why energy is considered a limiting factor in the chicken’s feed

The key limiting factor in conventional production as regards nutrition is insufficient energy in the feed available to backyard birds.

 

Scavenging chickens may typically meet their protein, vitamin, and mineral requirements, but are unable to obtain sufficient energy for adequate growth and egg production.

Where to buy Chickens in Akwa Ibom State

Since chicken is the only meat that has no negative health conditions, you can always use it to prepare any local and continental dishes of your choice. In Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria, you can buy chickens from sofreshchikens.com at the following locations;

  • Uyo, The Akwa Ibom State capital:

    Number 215 Udo Umana Street opposite Akpan Andem Market, Uyo

  • Oron, Akwa Ibom State:

    Number 27 Market Square by Aba Street, Oron, Akwa Ibom State

  • Eket, Akwa Ibom State:

3 park road, opposite Chinese market, Eket.

 

How to dress your chicken at home with ease

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How to prepare Spicy Chettinad Pepper Chicken

In this article, you will be given a step by step guide on how to dress your chicken at home, it may seem difficult at first, but with continued practice, you will be on your way to perfection.

Homegrown chickens taste much better than the additive-packed, cage-reared, factory birds sold in the supermarkets. And that’s one reason so many people start growing their own backyard flock of eggs and poultry meat.

This is one of the reasons you are faced with the unfamiliar and somewhat frightening task of dressing up some of these backyard birds for the first time.

You have to remember that if you took up raising your own chickens to free yourself from weak, additive-laden, preservative-packed and water-injected meat found in the supermarket, then sooner or later you will have to take on the task of choosing your own poultry birds, plucking it and learning how to dress your chicken, and finally cooking it by yourself.

 

How to dress your chicken; the basics

  • Your first task is to inspect your flock and pick out the bird you want to butcher.

 

  • Inspect the chickens which you catch carefully, and so make sure the young birds you butcher, and dress is well feathered out, otherwise, they could be difficult to pick.

 

  • When every bird or group of birds is selected for the table, you can either cage them for later slaughter or kill them there. There are many ways to do this but in this post we will major on the “axis and chopping block” method

 

  • This is very simple and straightforward, and the block can be any chunk of firewood, as long as it is solid, and squared off at both ends so it won’t tip over and cause you to hurt yourself or mutilate a chicken the moment you wield your axis or hatchet.

 

  • Hold the tips of the wings of each bird in order to give you more control, right along with their feet in one hand as you position the head of the chicken, and ensure that its neck is well stretched out on the block.

 

 

  • With a sharp axis or hatchet, all you should have to do is cut the head of the bird.

 

  • Continue holding down the chicken with its back, so it can bleed well. If you have any fruit trees around, the blood can fall around the bases of trees so that it will both serve as a good fertilizer.

 

  • If you need to, during this bleeding cycle, catch both the bird’s wings and feet to prevent it from flopping around and spraying blood around or on you.

 

  • Once the chicken is bleeding, carry it directly to a waiting pile of old newspapers, a sharp paring knife, a boiling water bucket, and a pan of cold water, before it has a chance to stiffen, in order to prepare it for scalding, to pick, and to wash.

 

  • Although experts recommend that young birds be scalded in 150 to 160 degrees Fahrenheit water for only a few seconds and that older birds be dipped in water heated to 180 degrees or 190 degrees slightly longer.

 

  • Experience will soon teach you that temperature and dipping times are not as critical as these experts would have you believe. Also, you will begin to notice with time that, if your water is too cold and/or you don’t drop a chicken into it long enough, the bird’s going to be hard to pick.

 

  • So if the water is too hot and/or the poultry is too long in it, the feathers may almost fall away on their own, but each plucked of the bird’s skin may get discolored and may even split in many places.

 

  • But, no matter how badly you scald your first few chickens and pick them, they will still be edible. Keep doing them and you will perfect the act with time.

 

  • You don’t really need to use a thermometer, either. All you have to do is to just remove the boiling water from the fire, quickly dip a chicken in; if it’s young and a little slower, and if it’s older, re-dip the really tough birds as needed, then place each scalded bird on the pile of newspapers and allow it steam for a couple of seconds or minutes.

 

  • Then, as soon as the wing feathers easily pull out, know that it’s time to go to work.

 

  • Catch a scalded and steamed bird’s body in one hand, and one of its legs in the top of the thigh in the other, then pull down the second hand towards the foot of the leg.

 

  • And, in one operation, most of the feathers will slip straight off the leg. Repeat this on the other leg, both of the wings and the neck too. If the chicken was properly scalded and had not too many pinfeathers, the handful can then pull out most of the body feathers.

 

  • Work faster and you’ll soon have the knack of stripping the feathers so quickly and easily from a chicken that people will begin to think the fowl has picked itself.

 

  • Now that all the pinfeathers are out, you will be able to strip away the fine hairs on the chicken that is still on.

 

  • If you have a wood-burning cookstove, you can remove one of the lids of the oven, fire a wadded part of the newspaper down the head, and light the paper, and sing out the rest of the feathers on the chicken over the flame.

 

  • Remove the chicken feet by bending back each foot, and cutting through the joint. Some people like to skin the feet for soup or add flavor to the broth. Others simply throw their unskinned feet at the dogs, you can choose to do any.

 

  • However, if the chicken is to be cut up, you might find it easier to cut off the legs at this point.

 

  • Pull each apart from the body and cut with a sharp knife between the body and the leg, right down to the joint. The joint should separate as you then bend the drumstick and thigh further out of the body, and you should be able to cut the leg completely away.

 

  • Wings may be extracted in the same way, either now or after the bird has been destemmed. Rinse off each piece of meat that has been cut and dump it into your cold water tub.

 

  • Slit the skin from the end of the breastbone all the way to the vent, to avoid the entrails of the chicken.

 

  • You can insert your fingers into the opening behind the knife blade to help prevent accidental puncturing of the bird’s intestines as you make this cut if you like.

 

  • You may also want to make a second incision across the belly of the chicken just below the breastbone to simplify the removal of the entrails, and this cut can be made right down to the backbone. Also, make sure your first cut continues around the ventilation as well.

 

  • Now insert a hand into your opening and work your fingers around the intestines so that you loosen them out of the cavity. Now is also the time to find the tube that leads up to the neck, in order to cut off as close to its upper end as possible.

 

  • And, yes, that’s the messiest part of the entire work, but it’ll be over soon.)

 

  • If the neck loop is cut all the innards of the bird will slip right out of the cavity of the body. Do not forget to locate the greenish gall sac in the liver, and cut it off without spilling its bitter substance on any of the meat you’d like to save.

 

  • Then, cut off the heart, liver, and gizzard at this point. Cut into the gizzard before you enter its lining and remove the lining from the contents of the heart. Put the clean gizzard, and liver, in your cold water bath.

 

  • Now make an incision in the neck just above the breastbone and find that two tubes that lead to the crop and the lungs. Run your fingers around the craw and cut the crop carefully, without damaging it.

 

  • When the bird’s body is cut apart, the lungs may be taken out. Or, if the body is left entire, you can reach into the body’s lower opening and run your fingers under the lungs to remove it.

 

  • Ultimately remove the oil sac above the tail by cutting it down, and around. Clean away all the meat that you saved. If you want to bake the chicken or roast it, you can put it in the whole oven.

 

  • If it is to be fried or prepared in a different way that requires individual pieces, cut what remains … And now, you’re done.

 

Conclusion

When the bird is brought to the table in the form of a tasty sauce, the stressing aspect of preparing the chicken is usually quickly forgotten. The steps and guidelines illustrated here on how to properly dress your chicken is a cool way to getting you started on dressing your first chicken.

Where to buy Chickens in Akwa Ibom State

Since chicken is the only meat that has no negative health conditions, you can always use it to prepare any local and continental dishes of your choice. In Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria, you can buy chickens from sofreshchikens.com at the following locations;

  • Uyo, The Akwa Ibom State capital:

    Number 215 Udo Umana Street opposite Akpan Andem Market, Uyo

  • Oron, Akwa Ibom State:

    Number 27 Market Square by Aba Street, Oron, Akwa Ibom State

  • Eket, Akwa Ibom State:

3 park road, opposite Chinese market, Eket.

 

 

 

How to prepare Simple Chilli Chicken

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How to prepare Simple Chilli Chicken

One of the most common Indo-Chinese style chicken appetizer or starter is the quintessential Chinese recipe, called Chilli Chicken.

Ingredients for preparing chilli chicken

  • 2 pair of chicken breasts
  • 1 teaspoon of salt
  • ½ teaspoon of pepper
  • 1 egg, well beaten
  • ¾ cup of flour (100 g)
  • 1 green pepper, well sliced
  • 1 red pepper, properly sliced
  • rice, to serve alongside
  • 3 cloves of garlic cloves, crushed
  • 1 red chilli, well chopped
  • 3 tablespoons of soy sauce
  • 2 tablespoons of tomato puree
  • ½ cup of water (100 mL)

 

Method of preparing chilli chicken

  • The chicken is properly seasoned with salt and pepper.
  • Cut the chicken into thin strips, then cover with flour, and then wash the eggs.
  • Shallow fry on each side for a few minutes, until they become golden brown.
  • Add the various peppers, and cook for a few more minutes. Later, on remove the peppers and chicken, and set aside.
  • At this point, add the garlic, red chilli, soy sauce, purée tomatoes, and water in the same pan. The mixture helps to eliminate stirring and frying, and is always thick and syrupy.
  • Remove the chicken and peppers back, and mix them well in the sauce.
  • Serve your chilli chicken with rice and any drink of your choice.

Where to buy Chickens in Akwa Ibom State

Since chicken is the only meat that has no negative health conditions, you can always use it to prepare any local and continental dishes of your choice. In Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria, you can buy chickens from sofreshchikens.com at the following locations;

  • Uyo, The Akwa Ibom State capital:

    Number 215 Udo Umana Street opposite Akpan Andem Market, Uyo

  • Oron, Akwa Ibom State:

    Number 27 Market Square by Aba Street, Oron, Akwa Ibom State

  • Eket, Akwa Ibom State:

3 park road, opposite Chinese market, Eket.

Should you help your chickens to hatch?

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Should you help your chickens to hatch?

It’s time for your lovely birds to hatch, and incubators are abuzz with activity as chicken breeders at the backyard are hatching lot after a lot of chicks.

 

Incubation Day 21 is also a very exciting moment. You can hear cheeping and breaking eggshells, and your new chicks coming out one by one.

 

Chickens raising is a precarious Loss and Rebound journey. You can do all right, and yet lose birds, because this is life. Egg hatching is never a hundred percent success.

 

It’s expected but it’s still heart-wrenching when a chick breaks through the shell and gets stuck afterward. You’re still caught in a dilemma of asking yourself: can you help? Or do you have to let nature follow its course?

Do you use an incubator to hatch? Then, you are already cheating nature

But it’s important that you understand that you have already strayed from the course of nature by placing those eggs in the incubator.

There are many explanations for using an incubator including duration, quantity, and efficiency, but no matter what, you will always find that hatching rates are higher with a robust broody that holds perfect temperature and humidity conditions.

 

In other words, if something goes wrong during incubator hatching it is usually considered as your “fault.”

The temperature might have been too low or the humidity may not have been high enough. Anyway, it is your duty to support all the chicks that might have a chance to make it.

Don’t kick the birds that can’t hatch on its own out, they will do just fine

Some people claim that those chickens who cannot come out of the shell on their own are deformed and therefore, should be kicked out anyway.

It shouldn’t be so, and we will state all our reasons. Sometimes, because of the sub-optimal hatching conditions, the chick gets stuck to the egg, but with some help from you, within a few days, it’ll be just perfect.

 

Most times, you will be required to peel the shell-like it’s a hard-boiled egg from the chick. Once it hatched it will be pretty small but a few days later you will no longer be able to tell the difference between this chick and his peers

 

When should you help your birds to hatch?

And when will you be helping with hatching? A central idea is to not do any harm first, and if the chick doesn’t have ample time to digest the yolk sac, they’ll die. Most people would agree that, in most situations, it is easier to step back.

 

But, if the chick has pipped that is made a hole in the shell, but has not zipped which means, pecked his way around the circumference of the egg for 24 hours, or if it has begun zipping but has failed to proceed further, and the membranes are drying, and at the same time, turning yellow, that means, the chick might be trapped.

How should you manage complications related to hatching?

In this case, prepare a bowl of lukewarm water, take the hatching egg out of the incubator, and start by gently breaking off bits of shell through wetting the membrane just below the shell, with your fingertips for a while.

Sometimes, the chick can get on with this kind of minimal help. Oftentimes, you’ll have to do the whole job, especially if the membrane was so dry, and stuck you will have to peel it off even though the shell was already gone.

Also, be very careful not to hurt the delicate skin of the chick as they try to chip off the eggshell. Chicks are extremely fragile and you could make them bleed quickly unintentionally. Go slowly and steadily whenever it comes to helping your chicken hatch.

Where to buy Chickens in Akwa Ibom State

Since chicken is the only meat that has no negative health conditions, you can always use it to prepare any local and continental dishes of your choice. In Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria, you can buy chickens from sofreshchikens.com at the following locations;

  • Uyo, The Akwa Ibom State capital:

    Number 215 Udo Umana Street opposite Akpan Andem Market, Uyo

  • Oron, Akwa Ibom State:

    Number 27 Market Square by Aba Street, Oron, Akwa Ibom State

  • Eket, Akwa Ibom State:

3 park road, opposite Chinese market, Eket.