How to prevent Bird flu in the poultry farm

What causes respiratory diseases in chickens?

Bird flu is one of the most feared viral diseases that has threatened the poultry industry, hence knowing the symptoms in chickens is significant. It doesn’t only take 2 to 7 days to reproduce within a flock, it can even wipe out a whole farm before you can call a vet.

It is normal to find Type A viruses in waterfowls and other wild birds. Bird Flu causes considerable concern as we consider the likelihood of the virus infecting domestic birds.

Chickens, ducks, turkeys, and even parrot-like psittacine birds have been found susceptible to this condition. Although wild birds may become bird flu carriers without getting sick, their effect on domestic birds is always fatal.

Types of bird flu and their signs

Like Newcastle which has three major varieties, there are two types of bird flu too. The low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses and the high pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAI). Birds also survive the LPAI with a decline in the development of eggs and ruffled feathers.

The pathogenicity of the HPAI makes survival difficult for chickens, though. Usually, HPAI-infected birds can drop dead without a sign, and that can happen within a week. Bird flu history tells us that HPAI and LPAI can swiftly take over a whole flock.

One would say the LPAI is better and easier to manage but it is important to understand that LPAI can evolve into HPAI.

 The symptoms of Bird Flu in Chickens

So while wild birds are usually known as the bird flu carriers and hosts, domestic birds such as chickens are also infected. Here are some signs of bird flu that you are supposed to look out for.

  • Inflamed eyelids, head, wattles, peas, and jams
  • Wattle, pebbles, and legs will turn purple
  • Chickens will die without showing any signs
  • Chickens infected skip coordination
  • Diarrhea can follow other signs
  • Chickens lose strength and are not going to eat
  • Nasal discharge visible
  • Important decrease in egg production
  • They lay eggs with softshell. You can even get misfits
  • Coughing and Sneezing
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Getting aware of the signs of bird flu in chickens isn’t about what the farmer wants to know. Any suspected or confirmed cases should also be reported to relevant animal health authorities within your region.

The symptoms of avian flu in humans

People often ask whether bird flu can pass from animals to humans. The answer is YES! The main reason it’s not very popular is that not all forms of the virus affect people. In fact, in humans it is equally lethal, and here are some of the symptoms for it;

  • High rate of fever
  • Eye infections, especially conjunctivitis
  • Husk
  • Pain in the throat
  • Muscle troubles
  • Lung disease
  • Respiratory pain or dizziness

How to Prevent Chickens from Bird Flu in the farm

Now that we’ve thought about some of the signs of bird flu in chickens we should think about prevention. Biosecurity is the first line of defense.

If you have to prevent Avian influenza from your chickens, then you’ll need to avoid wild birds on your farm. Wild birds have been said to be the primary hosts of this disease, so you’ll need to avoid their entry.

By sealing the entire house you must prevent their entry into your book. You’ll need to use a wire mesh to cover up the upper portion because they usually move through this.

Any other initiatives intended to combat bird flu are also focused on biosecurity. You have to be vigilant at all times about who and what happens to your estate.

Where to buy Chickens in Akwa Ibom State

Since chicken is the only meat that has no negative health conditions, you can always use it to prepare any local and continental dishes of your choice. In Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria, you can buy chickens from at the following locations;

  • Uyo, The Akwa Ibom State capital:

    Number 215 Udo Umana Street opposite Akpan Andem Market, Uyo

  • Oron, Akwa Ibom State:

    Number 27 Market Square by Aba Street, Oron, Akwa Ibom State



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