The poultry sector has traditionally grown through three phases and systems. And this article is about to expose you to the relevant and prevalent ones in the developing countries.
Types of production and feeding systems
First, the traditional systems consisting of family poultry consist of scavenging birds and raising backyards. Second, small semi-commercial system. And thirdly, large-scale commercial systems.
Every system is based on a unique set of technologies. They vary significantly in spending, type of birds used, degree of husbandry, and inputs such as feeds. The specifications of feed supplies, feeding system needed to raise poultry often differ widely depending on the method used.
For most developing countries the traditional method is the most common form of poultry production.
Feeding supplies for local Chickens
Possible feed supplies for local birds raised under this scheme include; household waste; (ii) environmental materials (insects, larvae, snails, vegetables, seeds, etc.); (iii) crop residues, fodder and water plants; and (IV) by-products from local small industrial units (grain by-products, etc.).
Competition for feed capital in villages is deciding the viability and development of extensive poultry systems. This method works well where biomass is plentiful but the competition for natural resources with other species can be intense in areas with limited natural resources and low rainfall.
A closer look at the commercial system of production and feeding of birds
The semi-commercial method, characterized by local small to medium-sized flocks (50 to 500 birds), is between the two extremes of conventional and industrial production systems.
Crossbred or improved genotype stock, and the purchase by commercial compounders of at least part of their feed. And, for this method, multiple feeding methods may be used; which include, (i) on-farm mixing of complete rations using imported and locally available feed ingredients; ii) dilution of imported commercial feeds with local ingredients; and iii) blending of purchased concentrates with local ingredients or whole grains.
In developed countries, the large-scale commercial system is the dominant mode of production, and this sector has also recently spread in many developing countries.
Commercial systems are characterized by broad vertically organized processing units that use modern bird strains which are highly competitive. Feed is the most significant variable cost factor in these systems, accounting for 65 to 70 percent of the cost of production. High productivity and efficiency depend on nutritionally balanced feed designed to meet the nutritional requirements of the birds.
Where to buy Chickens in Akwa Ibom State
Since chicken is the only meat that has no negative health conditions, you can always use it to prepare any local and continental dishes of your choice. In Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria, you can buy chickens from sofreshchikens.
Uyo, The Akwa Ibom State capital:
Number 215 Udo Umana Street opposite Akpan Andem Market, Uyo
Oron, Akwa Ibom State:
Number 27 Market Square by Aba Street, Oron, Akwa Ibom State